The FDI recorded during 2011 were characterized by:
||A decline in FDI flow by 25 7% compared to 2010,|
||298 achieved projects (expansions and new establishments) helped create 10 839 new employment positions: |
- 148 new companies with foreign participation started production creating 6 191 new employment positions, including 19 companies in inland areas of the country.
- 150 expansion operations were realized by foreign companies already operating in Tunisia as part of the development of their activities.
||182 foreign companies ceased activity, including 64 Italian companies, 61 French companies and 10 German companies leading to the loss of 10,930 job positions. It should be noted that the yearly average closure observed over the last five years is of 120 companies.|
Foreign investments ( FDI and portfolio) reached at the end of 2011 the amount of 1,711.3 MTND compared to 2,417.7 MTND during the same period of 2010 that is a decline of about 29.2%. These investments are spread as follows: 1,608.9 million dinars in FDI and 102.4 million dinars in a portfolio compared to respectively 2,165 and 252.7 million dinars in 2010, recording decreases of respectively 25.7 % and 59.5 %.
The analysis by sector of FDI flows reveals a focus on energy sectors and the sectors of manufacturing industries for respective values of 1,063.4 MTND and 330.6 MTND.
The distribution by sector of the said investments shows that the recorded declines affected mainly the sectors tourism, manufacturing and energy with respectively - 83.3 %, - 42.4 % and - 19 %.
Unlike other sectors, the service activities recorded solid performances with an increase of 11.5 % of investments made during the year 2011 that is 196.7
MTND against 176.5 M TND during the previous year.
An analysis of the distribution of FDI flows within the manufacturing sector shows a strong focus on mechanical, electrical and electronic industries, (EMI) which rank in the first position with the realization of 105 projects, for an invested amount of 154.1 M TND and the creation of 3,673 employment positions followed by textile and apparel sector with 90 new projects and the creation of 3,790 new employment positions. EMI and textiles are, as such, the first two industrial sectors in attracting FDI, job creation and exports.
The distribution of FDI flows by country of origin, as recorded in 2011, shows that France remains the largest foreign investor in terms of number of projects, of invested amounts and of generated jobs with respectively 140 achieved projects for an investment of 210 MTND and 3 494 created job positions.
Italy ranks second with 109 new projects totaling 77.1 M TND investment and the creation of 3 634 new job positions. Germany is third with 19 implemented projects, 36.3 M TND invested and 1 623 newly created job positions.
There are 27 implemented projects originating from Arab countries. They are mainly directed to service sector, for an invested amount of 148 MTND and the creation of 348 new job positions.